Built during the reign of Henry VIII, Bayard’s Cove Fort was envisaged as the last line of defence against a French invasion of the Dartmouth area, should their navy make it past Dartmouth and Kingswear castles. Dartmouth was a prosperous port with a thriving trade in French wine, making it susceptible to attack in wartime.
As it happened, the fort was not attacked for over a century after it was built, and the attack did not come from French warships, but from English ground forces during the Civil War. It was captured in 1643 by Royalist forces under the command of Prince Maurice, nephew of Charles I, Dartmouth having initially sided with the Parliamentarian cause.
The fort fell into decline during the 18th century, but was restored in the second half of the 19th, due to the rise of Dartmouth as a tourist destination, and the arrival of the Royal Naval College there in 1863. During the Second World War, it was used as a machine-gun post.
Today, the fort is open 7 days a week during daylight hours. The postcode is TQ6 9AX.
Castle Combe is primarily known as a motorsports venue, but the Cotswold village from which the racetrack takes its name has repeatedly been voted one of the most picturesque in England.
The racetrack has been Wessex’s premier venue for motor racing for 65 years. The circuit is 1.85 miles long.
The village is regularly used as a location for film and TV, most recently in Steven Spielberg’s War Horse. The church of St Andrew dates back to the 13th century and the Market Cross (currently undergoing restoration at the time of writing) from the 14th.
The postcode, for satnav purposes, is SN14 7NG.
Winchester is home to a number of regimental museums, six to be precise, which have now banded together under the label of Winchester’s Military Quarter. A single ticket costing £11 gains you access to the following:
- Horse Power: The Museum of the King’s Royal Hussars
- The Royal Green Jackets (Rifles) Museum
- The Gurkha Museum
- The Rifles Collection
- The Museum of the Adjutant General’s Corps
- The Royal Hampshire Regiment Museum
Horse Power tells the story of three cavalry regiments: The 10th Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales’s Own), the 11th Hussars (Prince Albert’s Own), and their successor regiment The Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales’s Own). It features uniforms, audio-visual displays, and a diorama of the aftermath of the Battle of Balaclava (1854).
The Royal Green Jackets (Rifles) Museum features the uniform worn by Andy McNab, a touch screen display giving information on the regiment’s 59 Victoria Cross recipients and a diorama of the Battle of Waterloo (1815).
The Gurkha Museum allows visitors to explore not only the history of the Gurkha regiment, but also the culture of Nepal.
The Rifles Collection is of particular interest to Society members, as the four regiments which merged to form The Rifles in 2007 covered the whole of Wessex, as well as some neighbouring counties. We had hoped at the time that the new regiment would feature the word Wessex in its name, but it was not to be.
The Museum of the Adjutant General’s Corps is dedicated to the internal administration of the army, as well as featuring a display on the history of women in the army.
The Royal Hampshire Regiment Museum naturally has more of a focus on local history than the others. The “Hampshire Tigers” are the county regiment for Hampshire (in its pre-1974 boundaries) and the Isle of Wight.
The museums are all located close to each other at Peninsula Barracks, Romsey Road, Winchester, Hampshire SO23 8TS . The site also features a cafe called Copper Joe’s serving light lunches from 10am to 4pm.
Comrades was a 1986 film written and directed by Bill Douglas telling the story of the Tolpuddle Martyrs. The Martyrs themselves will be the subject of a separate article in due course, so this post will concentrate purely on the film.
The film clocks in at nearly three hours, the first half of which takes place in Dorset, and the second in Australia after their unjust transportation for the “crime” of forming a trade union. Douglas was previously known for the autobiographical, social realist trilogy My Childhood (1972), My Ain Folk (1973) and My Way Home (1978). Comrades was the result of a nine-year struggle to bring it to the screen.
Rather than a straight retelling of the story, Comrades uses an impressionistic approach, with the tale told by a magic lanternist played by Alex Norton, who also plays a dozen other roles scattered throughout the film. It was praised as a “poetic and painterly work” by Sheila Rowbotham in The Guardian, and won the BFI’s Sutherland Trophy for 1986, as well as being nominated for the Golden Bear at the Berlin Film Festival the following year.
Despite what the DVD cover used as the featured image (taken from Wikipedia) says, the film was never an 18 certificate. It was originally cut by three seconds in order to receive a PG rating, and re-released uncut on home video in 2009 with a 15 certificate.
Comrades is available to rent on the BFI Player.
Inspector Endeavour Morse is the creation of Colin Dexter, the star of 13 novels, a short story collection and two successful TV series. He is now so associated with Oxford, where the stories are set, that a veritable cottage industry in Inspector Morse tours has now sprung up in the city.
Dexter originally conceived the character of Morse while on holiday in Wales in 1972. He spent the next 18 months writing the first novel, Last Bus to Woodstock, which was eventually published in 1975. The novel was adapted for BBC radio in 1985, and six more novels were published before ITV turned it into the highly successful TV series starring John Thaw.
The series spawned a spin-off, Lewis, starring Kevin Whately in the role of Morse’s former sidekick; and a prequel series, Endeavour, starring Shaun Evans as the young Morse. The music by Barrington Pheloung was based on the Morse code for the name MORSE. Pheloung later stated that he had also provided clues in some episodes by spelling out the killer’s name in Morse code.
All three series are now available to stream on the Britbox, the new streaming service from the BBC and ITV.